Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.Established in 1754, Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York and the fifth-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. It is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration. Search many of our collections via our Digital Library Collections website: https://dlc.library.columbia.edu Columbia's digital library collection websites are a gateway to digital reproductions and descriptions of photographs, posters, drawings, objects, ephemera, and manuscripts as well as other archival material from Columbia's rare and special collections. History. CIU began in 1923 when it was founded as Columbia Bible School. The original purpose was to provide a two-year course of study in biblical studies for local mill workers. Guidelines for all Astronomy Majors, Concentrators, and Interdepartmental Majors. Courses in which the grade of D has been received do not count toward the major or concentration requirements. 1924-26: The Columbia University Statistical Laboratory (location unknown) includes Hollerith tabulating, punching, and sorting machines, Burroughs adding machines, Brunsviga and Millionaire calculators (the latter was the first device to perform direct multiplication), plus reference works such as math and statistical tables. Prof. Robert E. Chaddock (Statistics Dept) was in charge. The mission of the University of South Carolina English Programs for Internationals (EPI) is to provide high-quality English language instruction to international students, whose goals may be academic, professional or personal, and to meet the University's English language needs in instruction, assessment, and resources, thereby increasing the University's capacity to recruit Title Authors Published Abstract Publication Details; Easy Email Encryption with Easy Key Management John S. Koh, Steven M. Bellovin, Jason Nieh Liturgy may be defined as the practice of organized, formal worship; it is the ensemble of texts, music (and books and instruments), of movements, vestments, vessels and even the buildings and the interaction of all of these used by a group of people to worship God. Welcome! This site features materials such as photographs, maps, newspapers, posters, reports and other media from the University of Washington Libraries, University of Washington Faculty and Departments, and organizations that have participated in partner projects with the UW Libraries. I was at the July 26th, 1975 concert at the Oakdale Musical Theater in the round in Wallingford, Connecticut (Wallingord with a ‘W’) Only 24 at the time, I was soooo excited to be seeing Karen Carpenter, the best pop vocalist I have ever heard…..still to this day !